Politics in Haiti
Haitian politics have been contentious: in its 200-year history, Haiti has suffered 32 coups. Haiti's is the only country in the Western Hemisphere to undergo a successful slave revolution, but a long history of oppression by dictators – including François Duvalier and his son Jean-Claude Duvalier – has markedly affected the nation. France and the United States have repeatedly intervened in Haitian politics since the country's founding, sometimes at the request of one party or another.
Cité Soleil, Haiti’s largest slum in the capital of Port-au-Prince, has been called "the most dangerous place on Earth" by the United Nations. The slum is a stronghold of supporters of former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who, according to the BBC, "accused the US of forcing him out – an accusation the US rejected as 'absurd'".
According to Corruption Perceptions Index, Haiti has a particularly high level of corruption.
The first round of the 2010 Haiti Elections, was held on November 28, 2010 and qualified Marlene Manigat and Jude Celestin for the second round by the electoral council. Marlene Manigat was undoubtedly first in the race but does not have enough votes for an outright majority. The results of the election were contested with some people terming the first round was a fraud, and that Michel Martelly should be in the place of Jude Celestin, René Préval's chosen successor. There was some violence between the contending parties.
Elections in Haiti
- February 2, 2011: Haitian Provisional Electoral Council likely to announce candidates who will compete in the March 20 presidential run-off elections.
- March 20, 2011: Run-off of the Presidential Election
- April 16, 2011: Announcement of the results of the run-off
Haiti in 2011
- US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is visiting Haiti on January 30, 2011 to meet President Rene Preval and other Haitian candidates to discuss the election and reconstruction efforts a year after a devastating earthquake hit the country.
- The results of the much disputed November 2010 first round of the Presidential elections are likely to be released in the first week of February 2011. The disputes and challenge phase was now under way which allows the candidates to challenge or submit complaints about their placing or results.
- February 3, 2011: Haiti's Provisional Electoral Council announces Mirlande Manigat and Michel Martelly will be candidates for the runoff elections scheduled for March 2011 eliminating Jude Celestin
- February 5, 2011: Government-backed candidate Jude Celestin is dropped and is out of race.