Spanish General Election, 2011

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The legislative election for the Cortes Generales (legislature in Spain) will be held on November 20, 2011. The election were initially scheduled to be held in March 2012.

The elections will be for 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies (lower house), which will determine who becomes the Prime Minister of Spain. Elections will also be held for the 208 directly elected seats in the upper house, the Senate.

The Spanish government is currently led by Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, who is a member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). Zapatero has announced that he won't run for a third term in the next election; leaving the current deputy prime minister Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba as the only candidate to the primary election in his party. The other major national party, People's Party, under the leadership of Mariano Rajoy will battle against PSOE in this next general election.

  • Congress of Deputies: 350 seats, 50 multi-member districts, with Ceuta and Melilla electing one member each using plurality voting.
  • Senate: 208 seats

Political Parties

Only two political parties have won since 1982, even though there are more than 50 political parties in Spain.



July 29: Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero announces that Spain would go to the polls on November 20. “The decision to announce the elections calendar today is to project political and economic certainty for the next few months: about what is needed to do, what we’re going to do and about the date of elections,” Zapatero said.

July 9: Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba is formally declared as Spanish Socialist Workers' Party's candidate for the 2012 election. "I entered politics like many of you, to fight for freedom and liberty," he told the party gathering.

July 8: Spanish Deputy Prime Minister Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba steps down to concentrate of the 2012 Elections. In a new conference, Rubalcaba said: "I've told the prime minister my desire to quit the government and to do it immediately,"